Friday, February 27, 2015

"California GOP alive but struggling for a vision, candidates"

Great to speak with Juliet Williams of the AP for this one.

"This is not a great moment for the California Republican Party," said Jessica Levinson, a Loyola Law School professor with expertise in state politics.


Those headlines only hurt the party's image in California, making it appear out of step with Californians' values, Levinson said.

"The California Republican Party will really have to be careful about styling itself in a way that is palatable and appetizing to Californians," she said. "This is the state that elected Ronald Reagan. Being a California Republican has oftentimes denoted something different than just being a Republican.

"Proposals Aim To Reverse Low Voter Turnout In LA"

Here is a link to my short appearance on the CBS local news.

Monday, February 23, 2015

What's at stake in the upcoming LA elections

Great to be on "Take Two" today on KPCC talking about the LA elections. Here is the segment.

"Experts question relationship between donors, Arcadia officials"

Quoted in this piece.

Los Angeles Ethics Commissioner Jessica Levinson, an attorney and professor at Loyola Law School, said the city should disclose the identities of those funding portions of the trip and what their interests are.

“Does it raise concerns or questions? Sure. Clearly these are people trying to influence our elected officials, but in the interest of transparency, it’s good for the public to know who they are.”

"Upwardly mobile women eager to hear Hillary Clinton’s message"

Always great to talk to Carla Marinucci. The full article is here.

In her appearance before a Silicon Valley women’s conference Tuesday, former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton is staking an early claim to voters who could be key to her 2016 presidential ambition: upwardly mobile professional women who might be called “Lean In” voters.

“She is their high priestess,” said Jessica Levinson, a political analyst and professor at Loyola Law School in Los Angeles, who says the former first lady’s experience shattering the glass ceiling in politics, diplomacy and law will resonate with the hundreds expected to hear her Tuesday at the sold-out Lead On Watermark Silicon Valley Conference for Women. “She is a trailblazer,” Levinson said. “She speaks their language — and they speak hers.”


“Women are embracing that ... they’re talking about how her candidacy could be historic — and frankly, it’s something more feminists want to hear now than in 2008,” Levinson said. Unlike during her first run as president in 2008, Clinton today “is much more robust” in acknowledging her potential impact as the first female president, she said. “And a lot of these women are the first in female leadership in their companies. There’s a common understanding.”

John Oliver and I dislike judicial elections

Thanks to him for citing my LA Times op-ed on the topic.

Sunday, February 22, 2015

Who wore it best and what are we voting on in LA on March 3, 2015?

I'll discuss that and #Oscar fashions and LA Elections on Take Two on KPCC Monday 2.23 at 10:10 a.m. #HalfTruth.

"Let’s roll out the red carpet for elections"

My latest Sacramento Bee op-ed is here.

Here is an excerpt: Let us compare those contests to other contests that actually affect our lives – elections. First, how many of us can honestly answer when the next election is? Or when the last election was? I guarantee you it is fewer than those who methodically planned what to serve at their Super Bowl parties or which performers they hoped would win an Oscar.

Saturday, February 21, 2015

Why do so few people vote in the County of Los Angeles?

Here is a link to my testimony before a joint committee hearing of the CA sen and assembly. My main testimony begins at the 2 hour mark and ends after 12 minutes.

Thursday, February 19, 2015

Why do so few of us vote in LA?

I'll be testifying tomorrow before a joint CA Senate and Assembly committee meeting tomorrow with Secretary of State Alex Padilla, Los Angeles County Registrar Dean Logan, VP of Political Date Inc. Paul Mitchell, Executive Director of California Common Cause Kathay Feng, and others.

You can live stream it at 10am PST here.

Wednesday, February 18, 2015

"Mitchum Sues Capps for Defamation of Character"

Good to talk to Nick Welsh of the Santa Barbara Independent for this one.

Jessica Levinson, an attorney specializing in election law issues at Loyola Marymount, commented, “A lot of ads are sleazy. A lot of ads are misleading. But that’s not enough to qualify as the intentional infliction of emotional distress.”

Saturday, February 7, 2015

"Party committees move millions in California elections"

Great to speak with Jim Miller of the Sacramento Bee for this one.

“I guarantee you there’s someone with a huge Excel spreadsheet on one screen and the rules and regulations on the other, and they’re tracking it. It takes time and understanding, but it’s possible,” said Loyola Law School professor Jessica Levinson, who teaches election law. “People are forever becoming smarter about different ways to get money into elections. It can provide a very broad vehicle for people to exert their influence.”

Read more here:

Monday, February 2, 2015

"When a recent graduate of Marlborough, the elite L.A. girls’ school, posted an essay about a predatory teacher there, the story went viral."

More on my alma mater, via Vanity Fairhere.

"Angelenos say they generally feel detached from city government"

Wonderful to speak with Soumya Karlamangla of the Los Angeles Times for this piece.

Jessica Levinson, who teaches election law at Loyola Law School, said L.A. council districts "are so huge that it's really easy to feel like you have no connection to your elected official."

Each district contains about a quarter of a million residents and, in many instances, sharply diverse communities of voters. And L.A. is simply a less political place than San Francisco or large Eastern cities such as New York and Boston, where politics figures more prominently in daily life and culture, Levinson said.

Sunday, February 1, 2015

"Lobbying lawmakers with a personal touch"

Great to speak with Laurel Rosenhall of the Sacramento Bee for this one

There’s nothing inappropriate about professional persuaders offering their skills to advance a personal agenda, said Jessica Levinson, a professor at Loyola Law School with expertise in political ethics.

But the phenomenon is “part of a bigger story about lobbyists having a seat at that the table that the rest of us just don’t have,” she said. In many cases, campaign donations from lobbyists’ clients help get them that seat at the table, creating the potential for what Levinson called a “symbiotic relationship.”

“I wish for a world in which it’s not just the lobbyists who can bring their pet projects to the legislators,” Levinson said.

Read more here:

Wednesday, January 28, 2015

Koch brothers’ cash will wash over California, experts say

Always great to talk to Carla Marinucci of the San Francisco Chronicle.

“It is staggering,” said Jessica Levinson, who teaches political ethics at Loyola Law School in Los Angeles. “It’s not a pebble in the pond, it’s an asteroid in the ocean.”

The cascade of conservative cash is “an amount we could not have fathomed 10 years ago,” Levinson said. Not even California and other strongly Democratic states will be exempt from its effects, she said.


“It will change the tenor, the narrative of the debate and what we talk about,” Levinson said.

One race certain to be affected by the Kochs’ money, she said, is the contest for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by California Democrat Barbara Boxer, even though no prominent Republican candidates are on the horizon.

“No race is run in isolation, and to the extent the discussion about tax cuts and immigration reform happens in Ohio, candidates get asked about it in California,” Levinson said.


Levinson said the Kochs’ actions may “embolden both sides” of the political spectrum — especially California’s progressives.

“All you have to say is, 'A billion dollars — let’s do something!’” she said. “Nothing is going to get campaign finance reform efforts going like the Koch brothers.”

Thursday, January 22, 2015

"GOP’s about-face: Poverty a key 2016 issue"

Great to speak with Carla Marinucci of the San Franicsco Chronicle for this one.

“I don’t think you have to be poor to talk about poverty or a minority to talk about minority rights,” said Jessica Levinson, a professor at Loyola Law School in Los Angeles.

Still, regarding Romney and Bush specifically, “it feels like a pretty quick shift,” especially considering some of their more recent public comments lambasting Democrats and President Obama on income inequality issues, which have been defined by some disapproving conservative Republicans as “redistributing wealth.”

While raising the issue could help both Republicans reach some low-income Southern and Bible Belt supporters, it may not help them expand their appeal to traditionally Democratic Latinos and African Americans, she said.

Levinson also noted that the theme may not be a winner with some of the most influential decision makers when it comes to the 2016 GOP nominee.

“In every campaign, you’re talking to voters — and donors,” Levinson said. Kashkari had to confront a question that both Romney and Bush will soon face, she said: “Is talking about poverty music to Republican donors’ ears?”

"Billionaire Tom Steyer won’t run for Boxer’s Senate seat"

Always wonderful to speak with Carla Marinucci of the San Francisco Chronicle. 

Jessica Levinson, a law professor at Loyola Law School, Los Angeles, said another problem for Steyer is the perception that he may have been a one-issue candidate.

“Can you excite people into voting on climate change and environmental issues?’’ she asked.

The lack of support for Steyer’s candidacy may have been dramatized this week, as a number of leading Democrats lined up to back Harris, and others called for Villaraigosa to get into the race. Even after donating an estimated $71 million to Democratic causes during the last election cycle, Steyer’s trial balloon didn’t elicit calls for him to make the run.

“Team Tom was not trending,’’ Levinson said.

Saturday, January 17, 2015

"Trash-hauling contract leaves Huntington Park with a PR mess"

Great to speak with Ruben Vives of the Los Angeles Times for this article.

Jessica Levinson, a professor at Loyola Law School who specializes in good governance, said that when it comes to politics the benefit of the doubt can be hard to gain, but easy to lose.

"It's like any relationship were you are trying to regain trust and someone makes a mistake and it makes you question everything," Levinson said. "It feeds into their preexisting belief that there is a problem with their government."

Monday, January 12, 2015

"L.A.’s reluctance to vote by mail hurting candidates, causes"

Wonderful to speak with John Wildermuth at the San Francisco Chronicle for this one.

“If Los Angeles voters decided to turn out, it could absolutely swing the outcome of California elections,” said Jessica Levinson, a clinical law professor at Loyola Law School in Los Angeles. “But now, we’re ceding many political decisions to Northern California.”


There are plenty of reasons county voters are avoiding the polls. Los Angeles is home to a young, transient and heavily ethnic population, all groups that seldom are regular voters. Add that to a general lack of concern about politics, and you have a recipe for disinterest on election day, Levinson said.

“The county is so spread out and voters have so little contact with their elected officials that Angelenos often don’t think about how state and local government can affect their lives,” she said.

Friday, January 9, 2015

"Here’s who’s poised to fight for Barbara Boxer’s Senate seat"

Good to talk with John Wildermuth for this one in the San Francisco Chronicle.

“The buy-in for this game is huge,” said Jessica Levinson, who teaches election law at Loyola Law School in Los Angeles. The winning candidate “isn’t likely to be some unknown person who comes out of the shadows.”
Members of Congress “have a lot to lose, but politicians are an ambitious bunch and and always looking for the next step up,” Levinson said.

Sunday, January 4, 2015

LA Observed: "News and notes: End of year desk clearing"

Glad to have my LAT op-ed mentioned in LA Observed today.

"Jessica Levinson, vice president of the Los Angeles Ethics Commission, argues for moving city elections to even-numbered years and consolidating them with state and federal elections."

Saturday, January 3, 2015

Is the U.S. Senate anti-democratic?

Yes. Of the 100 members of the new U.S. Senate, the 46 Dems received 67.8 million votes, and the 54 Reps 47.1 million votes. (For those who think this is a partisan statement, it is not, the reverse was true in 2008 and 2012). What does it show? The Senate favors small states. Less than 600,000 people live in Wyoming. Almost 39 million people live in California. Both states get two senators

Tuesday, December 30, 2014

How to get more Angelenos to the ballot box

Honored to have another op-ed in the Los Angeles Times. 

You can read it here.

"Governor’s Choice to Lead CPUC Dismisses Concerns of Improper Ties with PG&E"

Good to talk to Ted Goldberg of KQED for this one

Picker’s remarks about his agency’s dealings with PG&E “were stunning in how politically tone deaf they were about how PG&E essentially owned members of the PUC and many of its top political advisors,” said David McCuan, a Sonoma State University Professor of Political Science who specializes in state politics.

“I wish he would have been more open and forthcoming,” said Jessica Levinson, a Loyola Law School professor who focuses on governance issues.

Monday, December 29, 2014

"City Council panel backs away from GMO ban it previously supported"

Great to talk to Soumya Karlamangla for this one

The GMO turnabout also reveals where city ethics regulations fall short in tracking the effect of lobbyists at City Hall. Lobbyists are required to report who they work for and how much they are paid — but sometimes not until months after they've completed their work.

Jessica Levinson, a Loyola Law School professor who's on the city's Ethics Commission, said that can mean when an issue is being discussed the public won't "have the information necessary to see a full picture."

Thursday, December 25, 2014

"New FPPC chair takes low-profile approach"

Great to talk with Laurel Rosenhall of the Sacramento Bee for this piece

“Being a State Bar judge is a lower-profile, more insular position – you’re one of a number of people as opposed to the person leading a state agency. None of which is to say that she lacks the proper credentials. She was still in the business of regulating bad behavior,” said Jessica Levinson, a professor at Loyola Law School who sits on the Los Angeles Ethics Commission.
Ravel raised the profile of the FPPC, Levinson said, by taking on well-known lobbyists and political operations.
“Every chair has their own style, and I don’t think Chair Remke is as interested in being high profile.”

Read more here:

Tuesday, December 16, 2014

"State Senate leader: Divest in coal to fight global warming"

Always wonderful to speak with Carla Marinucci of the San Francisco Chronicle.

More here.

Jessica Levinson, professor of political ethics at Loyola University in Los Angeles, said that as long as Steyer is willing to throw his millions at liberal causes, he will have no trouble attracting the attention of California’s leading Democratic officeholders.
“If you have a billion dollars, your dance card is going to be full,” she said. “You’re going to have a lot of friends, and access and power in politics. California is no exception, and Jerry Brown is no exception.
“If anything it’s openly transactional, and that’s not a bad thing,” Levinson said. “We all know why everyone shows up at Tom Steyer’s events — because he may spend a lot of money supporting candidates and issues. And if you spend it, they will come.”

Friday, December 5, 2014

"New Los Angeles County officials sworn in"

Good to talk with Abby Sewell and Soumya Karlamangla for this one.

The transition creates "a moment of some opportunity" to reexamine priorities, said Jessica Levinson, a Loyola Law School professor and member of the city's ethics commission.

But she said it doesn't necessarily herald major policy changes. Governing the county "is like steering a tanker," she said. "You can't pull a U-turn."

Thursday, November 20, 2014

"Gov. Brown's unnecessary fundraising is certainly legal — but a turnoff"

Great to talk to George Skelton of the Los Angeles Times for this piece.

"It's about access and influence," says Jessica Levinson, a Loyola Law School professor who specializes in political funding. "It strains common sense to believe that in giving they won't want something in return."

"It's pretty depressing," Levinson adds, "that this is the way we do business in every state capitol and city hall in America. Large donors call the tune and have enormous influence. Members of the public who can't give big donations don't play as large a role in representative democracy.

"It's very discouraging and dispiriting."

Monday, November 17, 2014

"Kentucky Congressman Goes to Bat for Wife’s Company on Capitol Hill"

Great to speak with Lee Fang for this piece

Jessica Levinson, a Loyola Law School professor who focuses on ethics issues, told Republic Report, “I believe that the congressman should have disclosed his wife’s interest in the company prior to appearing at a hearing concerning that company. The public has an interest in knowing why their elected officials take certain positions. Most often disclosure and transparency laws focus on the need to report financial information. This case shows us why.”  

Sunday, November 16, 2014

"Sacramento lobbyist’s dual roles spark watchdog scrutiny"

Wonderful to talk to Laurel Rosenhall of the Sacramento Bee for this great piece.

Jessica Levinson, a professor at Loyola Law School who sits on the Los Angeles Ethics Commission, said Ross’ transparency doesn’t eliminate potential concerns about the intersections in his professional relationships. “There are many people in Sacramento and in every city hall across the nation who have some dual role, and it’s under cover of darkness. But that doesn’t mean that just because his is out in the open it’s not a conflict,” she said.
“On the one hand you are working to get people elected, and on the other you are asking them for favors,” Levinson said

Read more here:

Sunday, November 9, 2014

"California Still a Blue State"

Here is a link to my appearance on NBC's "News Conference."

"Jerry Brown looks to solidify legacy with big state projects"

Always wonderful to speak with Melody Gutierrez and Carla Marinucci of the SF Chroncile

Jessica Levinson, a law professor who teaches political ethics at Loyola University in Los Angeles, said Tuesday’s passage of Brown’s signature ballot measures, Props. 1 and 2 — a $7.5 billion water bond and a rainy-day fund — give Brown added credibility as he seeks to cement his legacy on infrastructure and budget issues.
“Both of those are forward-looking, long-term changes to the California Constitution meant to put us on a strong footing going forward,” Levinson said.
Levinson of Loyola University said that Democrats who may try to take Brown off track or pressure him for big spending items have already gotten the signal that he will keep them in line, and “he’s very comfortable flexing his political muscle,” she said.

There is a reason not to celebrate the record number of women in Congress

My op-ed appears in today's Sacramento Bee. 

Thursday, November 6, 2014

"Despite election losses, S.F. progressives scored gains"

Great to talk to Marisa Lago of the SF Chron for this article

“The lesson of Prop. G and Prop. E is that money still has an outsized influence for voters,” she said.
Spending against ballot measures, added Loyola Law School Professor Jessica Levinson, “tends to be more effective than money spent in favor.” But Levinson, a campaign finance expert, said “money can only move you so much.”

"Massive Hollywood project sits atop quake fault, California says"

Wonderful to speak with Ron Lin of the Los Angeles Times for this piece

Jessica Levinson, a professor of law at Loyola Law School who focuses on governance issues, says the conflict between seismic safety and the desire for development puts the city in a dilemma.

“Common sense dictates that we need to be careful about building a skyscraper on top of a fault line,” Levinson said. “Ideally, this is the type of thing we do beforehand, where there is a determination about where it’s safe to build — and then a project goes forward. And my gut feeling is that we may all learn from this experience.”

"Election 2014: Julia Brownley, Jeff Gorell in dead heat for 26th Congressional District"

Great to talk to Rick Orlov at the Los Angeles Daily News for this one.

Jessica Levinson, a professor at Loyola Law School and an expert in campaign law, said she believes the Brownley-Gorell race says more about the district.
“I think it is an example of having a competitive district in an area that has always been more right of center,” Levinson said. “I think, from the start, everyone thought this would be a toss-up race and Gorell has proven to be a palatable Republican for California.” 

"Congress Marks Milestone With 100 Women"

Wonderful to speak with Kathy Vara at NBC4 for this piece.

Tuesday, November 4, 2014

"An Election Night Chat"

I'll be commenting here on the "To the Point" Facebook page throughout the night.

"Rod Wright’s jail time goes from 90 days to less than 90 minutes"

Wonderful to talk to Laurel Rosenhall of the Sacramento Bee for this piece

Californians scratching their heads over Wright’s quick release could see it as a tangible example of the impacts of prison crowding – or as a sign that powerful people get treated better than everyone else, said Jessica Levinson, a professor of political law at Loyola Law School.

“When there is a high profile person … and we know they serve an infinitesimal fraction of their sentence, it really hits home for us. It is a minor part of a bigger discussion about what overcrowding means, and the supply and demand of prisons,” Levinson said.

“But a lot of people will get from that: ‘I always knew Rod Wright was never really going to serve, because he is a VIP and would get special treatment.’”

Read more here:

"Convicted California Senator Spends Less Than 90 Minutes in Jail for 90-Day Sentence"

More here

Former state Sen. Rod Wright turned himself in to Los Angeles County jail authorities Friday night to begin a 90-day sentence for his perjury and fraud conviction, but was released before ever seeing the inside of a cell.
Wright, a Democrat, turned himself in around 9:30 p.m. and was released at 10:41 p.m. after being processed and booked, said Nicole Nishida, a spokeswoman for the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department.
Californians scratching their heads over Wright’s quick release could see it as a tangible example of the impacts of prison crowding – or as a sign that powerful people get treated better than everyone else, said Jessica Levinson, a professor of political law at Loyola Law School.

"JFK Nephew Bobby Shriver in Tight Race"

Always wonderful to speak with Tammy Audi at the Wall Street Journal

“Their budget is massive and nobody knows what they do, which allows them to function with very little oversight,” said Jessica Levinson, a professor at Loyola Law School and vice president of the Los Angeles City Council Ethics Commission. “They have control over so many really important issues–health, safety and transportation, criminal justice.”

Monday, November 3, 2014

5 Things You Should Know About the California Election

My latest piece on the Huffington Post. 

Election day is upon us. What should California voters know?
1. Jerry Brown will be re-elected as the governor.
Drought-stricken California could be hit with torrential rain. Wildfires could sweep the state. A blue moon could shine for three nights in a row. Jerry Brown will still be re-elected.
Do you want to know why? First, because he is Jerry Brown. In California a synonym for "Jerry Brown" is "someone who holds elected office." Brown has held nearly every elected office in the state of California. We know him. We're comfortable enough with him. We're going to re-elect him (again).
Second, because he is running against that guy who oversaw the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). Yes, that's right. You don't even know his name. It is Neel Kashkari, by the way. He is apparently running to see how badly he will lose against the once, current, and future governor. He had handed out gas cards to get people to campaign events, spent a week living as a homeless person, and run a television commercial with a drowning child. Translation? He is going to lose.
2. Gavin Newsom will be re-elected as the lieutenant governor
You know Gavin Newsom, right? He is the former mayor of San Francisco who ordered the city clerk to issue marriage license to same-sex couples back when that violated state law. Still don't know him? He is the one with the slicked back hair who had an affair with the wife of his former deputy chief of staff and campaign manager. I thought that would ring a bell.
Newsom is running against Ron Nehring. Newsom is going to a have "party preference: Democrat" next to his name, while Nehring will have "party preference: Republican" next to his. Since this is California, and Newsom is the incumbent who hasn't done anything disastrous (or otherwise), that means Newsom will win.
3. Kamala Harris will be re-elected as the attorney general
You may remember Kamala Harris as the object of President Obama's now famous comment that she is "the best looking attorney general." Cue Derek Schmidt's clinical depression. (Just kidding, Mr. Attorney General of the great state of Kansas).
Harris is the former San Francisco District Attorney who eked out a win against the former Los Angeles District Attorney. Some have said that Harris didn't so much win as her opponent, Steve Cooley, lost.
Harris has focused on issues dealing with cyber-crime, cyber-privacy, recidivism and truancy. But she is likely best known for being named in every discussion had in the last four years in California about "rising political stars."
Harris is running against a Republican named Ronald Gold. I'll wait here while you google his name.
4. The most exciting statewide races are for the Secretary of State and the State Controller
Didn't think you were ever going to see the words "exciting" and "Secretary of State" or "State Controller" in the same sentence? Well, then you haven't really lived.
These races provide Republicans with their only real chance to elect a republican for statewide office.
Termed-out State Senator Alex Padilla (D) is running against Pete Peterson (R), the Executive Director of a policy institute at Pepperdine University. Peterson has picked up endorsements from a number of major papers. He has also garnered the support of some good government groups. Padilla is one Democrat who may not be cruising to statewide victory.
Another such democrat is Betty Yee. Yee is a member of the board of equalization (no, you're not alone, many people don't know what they do). Yee is facing off against Fresno Mayor Ashley Swearengin (R). Like Peterson, Swearengin has picked up a number of big endorsements. Swearengin apparently managed to turn Fresno's fiscal house around, and now many are happy to entrust her with overseeing how California spends its money. 

So we have two open seats that are up for grabs. That sounds stirring, right? Well, no. Few of us skip to the ballot box to weigh in on who is going to print our ballots or count how the money is spent.
5. Turnout will be low. So very low.
Why will turnout be so low? See above. When the most rousing statewide races deal with who will maintain business filings (the Secretary of State) and watch the fiscal house (the State Controller), people tend to stay home.
But what about ballot measures? Surely some people will go the polls because a particular ballot mesure moves them.
These elections there are two legislatively referred ballot measures, and four ballot initiatives. As a refresher, the ballot initiative process allows citizens to stand on the same footing as their elected officials and directly propose new laws. It is ripe with problems that I won't detail here.
The two measures put on the ballot by the legislature deal with how we will try to save water and money. These are terrifically important issues, but let's face it, they're not attention grabbers. The television commercials for Proposition 1 and Proposition 2 picture Governor Brown talking about saving money and water and he's pictured next to a little umbrella. Enough said? Proposition 1 (which allows the state to issue billions of dollars in bonds to build dams and other such things) and Proposition 2 (which provides how the state should save money) aren't going to make anyone take it to the streets. Nor are they likely to get people to the polls.
Proposition 45 deals with whether the insurance commissioner can veto certain insurance rate changes, Proposition 46 addresses the legal cap on non-economic damages in medical negligence suits, Proposition 47 lowers the punishment for certain non-violent, non-serious offenses, and Proposition 48 would bless a compact made between the Governor and an Indian tribe regarding a casino. Some people will get fired up about one or some of these issues, but no one is going to write a play about whether we gave the insurance commissioner some additional powers, no one will wonder who is going to star in the musical about the Indian gaming contract, and no one is wondering whether there is a movie in the works about redefining certain crimes.
That is it, Californians. I would write more, but its time for us to start talking about how to increase voter turnout without a hint of irony in our voices.